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When the first settlers settled in this area, they began to land the land here. But very soon, they had competitors, who claimed ownership of the land: elephants! The “gray eminences” often devastated the lands, and they were considering how to protect the farmland against further devastation.
Addo-elephant-park-map After lengthy discussions, the Cape government commissioned the professional jumper Jan Pretorius in 1919 to eradicate the elephants. Already after one year, 120 pachyderms had been killed, but now the population felt sympathy with the animals and protested against further killing
The elephant park in Addo is one of the most popular national parks in South Africa and this is not without reason. In addition to hundreds of elephants, the vast area is also home to many other large wild animals in Africa. It is one of the few parks that the Big 7 is home to. Yes, the big white shark and the Southern Right Whale are also glistened here, although you can not marvel at them because the part of the national park adjacent to the ocean is too far away from the visitors’ camps.
In the 1930s, the park was established because the population of elephants in the region had fallen to a dangerous level. The animals, which were strongly endangered by hunters and peasants, had always been in conflict with humans and so an unprecedented hunt was started, in which more than one hundred animals were shot by a hunter within a very short time.
Shortly before the total destruction of the population was happily pulled the reissue line and set up the park. The last remaining elephants could recover here. It took more than 20 years until the population had doubled to about 25 animals and the park could be extended by a few hectares. Since then, the numbers have been developing well and the population has been re-regulated for about 10 years to prevent overpopulation. Plans to see the park in the coming years to further strongly expand.
City Hall (Town Hall)
The city’s impressive town hall stands on the beautiful Market Square and was built in 1885 in colonial style. After a devastating fire in 1977 it had to be rebuilt, but its beauty did not break. The City Hall is dominated by a clock tower, but it has only been added 20 years after the completion of the first town hall. Today, the City Hall is a landmark and seat of the local government of Port Elizabeth. But there are also concerts and lectures in the premises of the City Hall. The Market Square, where the town hall is located, is often also used by a famous flea market.
The Addo Elephant Park is located on the south coast of the country, just off Port Elizabeth, and about an hour’s drive away. Even on the way to the park you can often see the pachyderms from the road under the trees. With a size of more than 1600km it is the largest national park in this region of South Africa and is to grow in the coming years to double the size. This would be a major step forward for the conservation of wildlife habitats in Africa.
Anyone who embarks on the Fort Frederick can be reminded of an important episode in the history of PE, even if only a few of the once magnificent fortress has been preserved. It was built in the 18th century and named after the Duke of York, commander of British troops in South Africa. The purpose of the fortress was to defend a possible attack by the French during the Napoleonic Wars. However, never a single shot was ever made of these walls during the war. Apart from its historical significance, the Fort Frederick is particularly worth visiting.
On the Cape Road, the Horse Memorial rises up into the sky, probably the most famous building in the city. It was created by the artist Joseph Whitehead, then cast in bronze and on 11 February 1905 by the then mayor of the city, Alexander Fettes unveiled. The monument is intended to recall all the horses who died during the Burial War (1899-1902). And indeed, the monument consists of life-size figures and representations referring to the horses brought by the British to South Africa because of the war. It has been estimated that some 300,000 British horses have died in the war.
Main Public Library
Like the city’s town hall, the main public library of Port Elizabeth is also on the lively Market Square. The more than 100-year-old and is one of the first buildings in the city, built with the help of a steel construction.